Clover is one of the most important fodder crops in the world. It is also described as a high-value feed plant for all types of animals,
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The plant alfalfa is a herbaceous plant that stays in the soil for a period of up to fifteen years. It is recommended to stay for a period of not more than five years, where the yield is economic and then the seed crops are planted in two successive years and then replanted in the same place. The roots of the alfalfa clover and its soil extend deeper than ten meters. The flowers are found in the clusters of flowers, the flower is fluffy and the color of the flowers ranges from green to purple by type and variety. In vitro fertilization is mainly dependent on insects. The seeds are found in helical horns. The number of horn rolls varies from 2-3 laps by type, variety and seed of small kidney size, from olive green to light yellow depending on the duration of storage after harvest.
The initial ration is taken after about 90 days of planting, and then after the plant height reaches 45 cm in the winter or at the beginning of the flowering stage, and the plants rise at a height of 5-7 cm from the surface of the soil.
Alfalfa is the most important feed crop, especially for dairy cows. It is also used as pastures and feed for livestock. Increasing their rate of growth and improving their health. This plant contains large amounts of mineral salts, proteins and vitamins. It is used by farmers in the production of hay and fodder, as well as for grazing, for soil fertilization and for protection from erosion. Some people plant it indoors and feed on its well-known seeds, known as alfalfa sprouts. This plant is also known as wetland, and is cultivated in October, November and March
The green matter, especially the leaves, contains 9.1% carbohydrates, 5% protein, 0.9% fatty substances and 2.4% mineral compounds (calcium and phosphorus salts), in addition to vitamins. Alfalfa is an important source of chlorophyll and vitamins, containing vitamins A and E in large quantities as well as vitamins B, B1 and D in smaller quantities, and clover is a raw material to get Vitamin K bleach